｜Frida Kahlo by Julien Levy
身为举世名作的弗里达·卡罗本身，她的自我认同与创作灵感很大部分来自于她的身体与她的爱情。卡罗生来疑似患有脊柱裂，在六岁时被诊断为小儿麻痹症，导致她的右腿比左腿瘦。借由在身体的恢复期间，卡罗开始在床上画起自画像。她有一个特制的画架，画架上方放了一面镜子，方便她能看到自己。有一次她说: “我画我自己，因为我经常是孤独的，因为我是我最了解的对象。” 在拉康的镜像理论与自我建构中，这是一种主体在象征界中所认同的自我，事实上仅是一个虚幻的存在。卡罗在主体建构的镜像阶段中将镜中的完美形象想像为自己本身，然而由于所认同的对象为外在的他者，而非真实的主体，因此主体将陷入永远的“异化”（alienation）。如同英国的精神分析学家达里安·莱德曾说过的，人类主体摆荡于两个极端之间：一是形象，即是异化和疏离；一是真实的身体，即是支离破碎，那破碎的卡罗。
｜Frida Kahlo by Julien Levy
｜Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera reclining
47岁生日那天，日记里的最后一句：“我愿快乐地离开，不愿再来。”不知其死因的卡罗的死，一记悬性，一抹灵动，让卡罗永远的活在作品里，壮烈而优美。而近日为纪念卡罗的壮烈优美，谷歌艺术与文化（Google Arts & Culture）正与33家博物馆合作，主办一场弗里达·卡罗史诗般的线上展览，将带领民众重返47岁的卡罗在墨西哥的最后一场展览现场。
On March 2nd, 2020, a piece of news, such as thunder roof, shook the headlines of major art media. That we all know the love, not Hu Lancheng and Eileen Chang, is the world only the most pure Ulay and Marina. This story is based on the news of Ulay's death, and once again, profoundly, fermented in the text of various writers.
In both literary and artistic circles, such symbols of love have always been mysterious and enviable. We know very well that you can't see the holes in the ground, you can't see how deep the water is, and you can only get a little closer to the reality by swimming in the imaginary space. When it comes to the stormy waters of this kind of love, it's hard not to mention the feminist pioneer and Muse of the art and fashion worlds, Frida Kahlo.
Frida Kahlo in a mirror image
As one of the most famous works in the world, Frida Khalo herself, her self-identity and creative inspiration come largely from her body and her love. Khalo was born with suspected spina bifida and was diagnosed with polio at the age of six, leaving her right leg thinner than her left. During her recovery, Khalo began to paint self-portraits on her bed. She had a special easel with a mirror above it so she could see herself. Once she said, "I paint myself, because I am often lonely, because I am the one I know best." In Jacques Laca's theory of mirror image and self-construction, this is a kind of self identification by the subject in the symbolic world, but in fact it is only an unreal existence. Khalo imagines the perfect image in the mirror as herself in the mirror phase of subject construction, but the subject will fall into permanent "alienation" because the identified object is the external other rather than the real subject. As the British psychoanalyst Darian Leader has said, the human subject swings between two extremes: image, and alienation; One is the real body, which is broken, the broken Khalo.
Until Khalo's last day, she was still an unreal existence, or in fact she lived in the image of Khalo in our imagination. Her condition had deteriorated to the point where she had to have her right leg amputated, and at the last show in Mexico, she was dressed in her usual garish attire. Even when she came out on her sickbed, also can dimly see she is treading on the colorful light plate, gorgeous dazzing. "Be careful, everyone. There's a living dead body here." Khalo said jokingly.
Love is but a form of inspiration
After recovering from a serious illness, Khalo met Diego Rivera, the Mexican muralist, who she admired for a long time, and became obsessed with him. Khalo and Rivera's relationship was not a typical love story, with messy arguments, multiple affairs, divorce in 1939 and remarriage in 1940. What happened to the extraordinary mixture of Khalo and Rivera painting each other for 25 years in a fragmented life of love and hate. In his work “Diego on My Mind”, Khalo nakedly presents the emotional tribulations, pinning Rivera's face to her forehead. In the painting, she gazes at the audience sadly, unable to see whether she is in love or as a prisoner. The combination of imagery from personal experience with formal symbolism and aesthetic elements by relying on internal poetic power rather than on the logical rules of painting is most often reflected in the work of the artistic couple.
In their love, these complex emotions are nutrients or consumables? How to preserve, how to balance, how to change, so that the inspiration of this elusive thing, can often appear. The statesman Zhou Enlai once said, "we should not forget the inevitable connection between inspiration and intelligence, and the accumulation of artists' knowledge. In the process of cognition of inspiration, we cannot avoid its mysterious side”. Sometimes I wonder whether the love of the artists is an inner transaction or an unconscious fusion, or perhaps it is a dynamic balance between inspiration and passion in Kahlo and Rivera.
On his 47th birthday, the last words in hers diary were: "I would like to leave happily and never come back." The death of Kahlo, whose cause of death is unknown, is a piece of suspense and a touch of clever, so that Kahlo will live forever in the works, heroic and beautiful. In honor of Kahlo's Prowess, Google Arts & Culture is partnering with 33 museums to host an epic online exhibition of Frida Kahlo that will take the public back to the 47 year old's last show in Mexico.